There are several different ways of asking questions in English. If we are asking for information we usually use one of the question words below.
“What” – questions asking for a thing or a fact.
|What questions and answers|
|What is the time?||It is four o’clock.|
|What do you do?||I am a teacher.|
|What is the weather like?||It is sunny.|
|What is her name?||Her name is Julie.|
“Where” – questions asking for a place.
|Where questions and answers.|
|Where do you come from?
Where are you from?
|I come from Argentina.
I am from Argentina.
|Where is the fire exit?||The fire exit is next to the toilets.|
|Where is the toilet?
Where are the toilets?
|It is on the left next to the entrance.
They are on the left next to the entrance.
|Where can I go to eat?
Where should I go to eat?
|You can go to the cafe on the corner.
You should go to the very good restaraunt in the next street.
“When” – questions asking for a time, day or date.
|When questions and answers.|
|When does the train for Paris leave?
When is the train for Paris leaving?
|It leaves at 12 o’clock.
The train for Paris goes at 12.
|When did you get here?
When did you arrive?
|I got here in the morning.
We arrived on Tuesday.
|When is lunch?
When are we having lunch?
|Lunch is at one o’clock.
We will be having lunch at one.
|When are you going on holiday?||I am going on holiday in the summer.|
“Why” – questions asking for a reason.
|Why questions and answers.|
|Why are you studying English?||I am studying English for work.|
|Why did you buy that terrible shirt?||I bought this shirt because I liked the pattern.|
|Why do you never answer your phone?||I don’t answer my phone because I am busy.|
|Why are you cold?||I am cold because I forgot my sweater.|
“How” & “How much/many” – questions asking for a way to do something or for a number or amount.
|How questions and answers.|
|How old are you?||I am twenty-seven years old.|
|How do you get to the train station?||You follow the signs.
You go down this street and turn left at the end.
|How can I lose weight?||To lose weight you need to go on a diet and do more exercise.|
|How should I study English?||You should study a little every day.|
|How much/how many questions and answers.|
|How many children do you have?||I have three children.|
|How much does this cost?||It costs £10.|
|How many times have you visited Rome?||I have visited Rome three times.|
|How much time do we have until the train leaves?||We have ten minutes until the train leaves.|
“Who” questions – questions asking for a person.
|Who questions and answers.|
|Who is that man with a beard?||He/it/that is Mike.|
|Who was the first man on the Moon?||It was Neil Armstrong.|
|Who are you?||I am Jonathan.|
|Who invaded England in 1066?||The French.|
Put the words into the correct order to make questions.
Make sure you use capital letters and punctuation correctly.